Partisan farm bill vote leaves future uncertain
The future of federal farm programs is uncertain, at best, after a sharply divided House last Thursday passed a stripped-down farm bill on its second try.
The 216-208 vote mostly was along party lines, a rarity for farm bills, with all but 12 Republicans voting for it and all Democrats opposed after the GOP-controlled House removed funding for food stamps and other programs to feed the country's poor.
Farm groups worried that House-Senate negotiations, known as a conference, will not be able to work out a compromise without the food stamp portion of the bill.
"We are concerned that without a workable nutrition title, it will prove to be nearly impossible to adopt a bill that can be successfully conferenced with the Senate's version, approved by both the House and Senate and signed by the president," Minnesota Farm Bureau President Kevin Papp said.
The White House said President Barack Obama would veto the House bill if it reaches his desk.
Senate Agriculture Committee Chairwoman Debbie Stabenow, D-Michigan, criticized the House bill, but she said she would go to conference with the House.
"The bill passed by the House today is not a real farm bill and is an insult to rural America, which is why it's strongly opposed by more than 500 farm, food and conservation groups," Stabenow said.
"We will go to conference with the bipartisan, comprehensive farm bill that was passed in the Senate that not only reforms programs, supports families in need and creates agriculture jobs, but also saves billions more than the extremely flawed House bill," she said.
House leaders split the farm bill Thursday, three weeks after a version that included food stamps failed, embarrassing Republican leaders.
Republicans say the bill could go to negotiations with the Senate, although they promised to continue to work on finding a nutrition bill that can pass.
The Democrat-controlled Senate easily passed its version of the farm bill, including nutrition program funding.
While many farm provisions in the two bills are the same, senators cut just $4 billion from food stamps over 10 years while the bill representatives defeated last month would have cut $20 billion. Many Republicans would like to cut even more, while Democrats generally want no cuts.
Representative Collin Peterson, D-Minnesota, began work on the farm bill four years ago when he was Agriculture Committee chairman, but he said he had to vote against the GOP bill Thursday.
"I'm sorry I have to do that," Peterson said.
More than 500 farm, conservation and other groups sent letters to the U.S. House asking that the nutrition provisions remain in the farm bill. Peterson said House Republicans ignored them.
Nutrition and farm programs have been in the same bill since 1977 in an effort to get support from both urban and rural lawmakers.
"It violates a decades-old principle that united urban and rural interests together feeding hungry people," said Representative Rick Nolan, D-Minnesota.
Representative Keith Ellison, D-Minnesota, said he strongly opposed the move "because it increases hunger in America."
Farm bills generally are bipartisan efforts, but that ended this year.
"Tea Party Republicans have yet again chosen to push a partisan, broken bill to nowhere," said Representative Tim Walz, a southern Minnesota Democrat.
However, Representative Kevin Cramer, R-N.D., said the House bill is good for farmers.
"We greatly improved on the Senate version of the bill by keeping a strong crop insurance safety net for farmers," Cramer said. "We also keep important programs for livestock and sugar."
Cramer praised the bill's efforts to provide farmers with relief from federal regulations.
Peterson said his biggest fear is that the Republican move will mean nothing eventually passes. The farm bill is to fund programs for five years.
"First and foremost, I believe the strategy of splitting the farm bill is a mistake that jeopardizes the chances of it ever becoming law," Peterson said.
He warned that failure to pass the bill into law would mean much higher federal payments to milk producers.
Lack of new farm policy would keep existing laws on the books, which would cost more than the proposed bill. It also would mean farmers would continue to work under what many call outdated programs instead of a newly written crop insurance provision.
Agriculture Committee Chairman Frank Lucas, R-Oklahoma, pledged to keep working on funding food stamps.
"The committee will work hard to achieve a consensus on a nutrition bill," Lucas said, although he admitted that whatever his committee draws up probably will not satisfy the extremes from both political parties.
The combined farm-nutrition bill failed June 20 after Republicans voted on an amendment that Democrats claimed would make it more difficult for some Americans to get food stamps. Several Democrats voted against the bill last month because of the amendment, which defeated it.