Growing Green: management of pantry pests - locate the source
The first hard frost has come and gone, and hopefully you have completed most of your fall garden chores. Now is the time to sit back, relax and ponder the successes and failures of this season's garden, what you will do differently and what new additions will be included in next year's garden.
I love to bake in the fall and was all set to make oatmeal cookies the other day but found my oatmeal container full of adult moths and various-sized larvae. Yuck!
This leads to this week's favorite bug question: How do I get rid of grain moths? If you have had problems with this pervasive pantry pest, here are some tips to handle them in your kitchen.
Although there are many different types of pantry pests, the most common is the Indian meal moth. The adult moths are about 1/2 inch long with a brown band across the wingspan. The juvenile worm is white and also about 1/2 inch long.
The larvae feed on grain products including flour, cake mix, cornmeal, rice, spaghetti, crackers, cookies, seeds (such as dried beans and popcorn), nuts, chocolate, dried fruits, spices, powdered milk, dry pet food, birdseed, ornamental corn and dried arrangements, some garden seeds and potpourri. I've even found them in my baking soda.
If you open a container to find silk webbing around the surface of the food, chances are you have grain moth larvae. You might also find beetles and weevils.
So, what should you do if you have these pantry pests? Locate the source of the infestation; check all grain-based foods for signs of insects. Throw out the infested food products.
If you have a large amount of grain that you absolutely don't want to throw out, try heating the product to 130 degrees for 30 minutes or freezing it for 3 to 4 days. This will kill all insects.
Empty your pantry and thoroughly clean your cabinets and shelves with a vacuum cleaner to pick up any spilled or infested material in the cracks and corners. Washing shelves with detergent, ammonia or bleach will not prevent re-infestation. There is also no evidence that bay leaves or spearmint gum placed in the cupboard will prevent grain moths.
As a precaution against re-infestation, consider storing susceptible foods in clear glass, metal or heavy plastic containers. I have had moths infest grains stored in plastic storage bags and inexpensive plastic storage containers. Glass canning jars with screw top lids tend to keep the bugs out.
It is common to find adult moths flying for as long as three weeks after the source of caterpillars has been eliminated. So long as the food sources have been adequately stored, re-infestation shouldn't be a problem.
Don't use insecticidal sprays in food storage cupboards. They are ineffective against insects within food storage containers and could pose a health threat to humans if used improperly.
For more information about pantry pests, visit www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/horticulture/DG6269.html.
Until next time, happy gardening!