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Flooded fields delay crop planting

Spring rains and flooded fields have delayed or prevented planting for many Minnesota farmers. If farmers have multi-peril crop insurance and have not been able to plant by their crop’s final planting date, they do have options.

For most of Minnesota, the final planting date for corn is May 31. For the northern counties it is May 25. The final planting date for soybeans is June 10. The late planting period extends for 25 days after the crop’s final planting date.

CORN

If farmers were unable to plant corn on or before May 31 (in most of Minnesota) because of an insurable cause of loss, they may:

● Plant corn during the 25-day late planting period with the production guarantee being reduced 1 percent per day for each day planting is delayed after the final planting date.

Planting corn in Minnesota after June 10, however, is not recommended due to potential frost before harvest.

● Plant corn after the late planting period after June 25. The insurance guarantee will be 60 percent, the same as the insurance guarantee provided for prevented planting coverage. Again, planting corn after June 10 is not recommended in Minnesota.

● Plant soybeans on the land intended for corn before June 25 with full insurance coverage for the soybeans, but no prevented planting payment for corn.

● Not plant a crop and receive a prevented planting payment.

● Plant a cover crop and receive a prevented planting payment.

● After the late planting period ends, plant the acreage to another crop (second crop) and receive a reduced prevented planting payment for the corn.

SOYBEANS

If a farmer is unable to plant soybeans on or before June 10 in Minnesota because of an insurable loss, farmers have a similar set of options. They may:

● Plant soybeans during the 25-day late planting period with production guarantee being reduced 1 percent per day for each day planting is delayed after final planting date.

● Plant soybeans after the late planting period, that is after July 5. The insurance guarantee will be 60 percent, the same as the insurance guarantee provided for prevented planting coverage.

● Not plant a crop and receive a prevented planting payment.

● Plant a cover crop and receive a prevented planting payment.

● After the late planting period ends, plant acreage to another crop and receive a reduced prevented planting payment for the soybean.

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Article provided by Kent Olson, professor of applied economics with University of Minnesota Extension.

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